Monthly Archives: April 2015

Villages of Khusab

Villageskhusahab

The Villages of Khushab are Anga, Balwal, Bansi, Bola, Daiwal(the hub of the Sanghas), Dhak, Girot, Hadali, Hassan Pur Tiwana (Hamoka), Jaba, Jalalpur Syedan Hamdania, Khabeki, Khatha, Khhotakka, Kufri, Kund, Mardwal, Mitha Tiwana, Mohib-Pur, Nali Nari, Nowshera, Padhrar, Pail-Piran, Parachagan, Rakh Rajar, Roda and SabralVillages in Noor Pur Thal Tehsil are: Adhi Kot, Adhi Sargil, Bambool, Billand, Boranawala, Chan, Dhamak, Jamali Balochan, Jara, Jatooi, Jharkil Kalwal, Katimar, Khai Majoka, Maiken, Mehmood Shaheed, Nawan Saggu, Nikro Shaheed, Noor Pur, Obhal, Palowan Pelovanis, Rahdari, Rangpur Baghoor, Shah Hussain, Shahwala and Sidha.Villages in Quaidabad Tehsil are 14MB, Bandiyal, Choa, Goleywali, Gunjayal Jabbi Sharif (the main Village of Daman Mohar), Majoka, Mitha Kho, Namewali, Okhali Mohla and Warchcha

Pirs of Pail-Piran are the decendents of Baha Ud Din Zakkariyya

aha-ud-din Zakariya’s Mausoleum in Multan

Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya (Persian: بہاؤ الدین زکریا) was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order. His full name was Al-Sheikh Al-Kabir Sheikh-ul-Islam Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria Al-Qureshi Al-Asadi Al Hashmi.Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya known as Bahawal Haq was born atKot Kehror, a town of Layyah District near Multan, Punjab,Pakistan around 1170.

His grand father Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi al Hashmiarrived Multan from Makkah en route to Khwarizm where he stayed for a short while. He was from the descendents of Asad Ibn Hashim the maternal grandfather of Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib RA.Arrival of Habbarids(the descendents of Habbar bin Asad in Sindh): In Tariqat he was the disciple of Renowned Sufi Master ShaikhShahab al-Din Suhrawardi who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqaah in Baghdaad.

For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings Bahawal Haq settled in Multan in 1222.

  • His Shrine
  • Memorandum

His Shrine

Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya died in 1267 and his mausoleum is located at Multan. The of mausoleum is a square of 51 feet 9 inches, measured internally. Above this is an octagon, about half the height of the square, which is surmounted by a hemispherical dome. The Mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the siege of 1848 by the British, but was soon afterwards restored by the Muslims.

Memorandum

A train is named after him, which runs between Karachi and Multan.

  • Largest university of South Punjab is also called Bahauddin Zakariya University.

Descendents of Hazrat Baha ud Din Zakkariyya are spread across Pakistan,and among them are Pirs of Pail-Piran(district Khushab),where descendents of one of his grandsons(Pir Ali Qatal) are settled,Bhera Sharif(district Sargodha),Pir da Khara & Karuli Piran(district Jhelum). Bahauddin Zakariya Multani was a Asadi Hashmi ( Descendent of Asad ibn Hashim) and he is truly called as Quraishi Asadi Hashmi.

Pir families of Pail-Piran

There are 3 main families of Hashmite Sadaat of Pail-Piran, all are descendents of Pir Khawja Noori- namely Fateh Shah-aal(Fatehshhaal), Daim Shah-aal(Daimshahhaal) and Kalay Shah-aal(Kalayal) with two sub families namely Sharaf Shah-aal(Sharafshhaal) and Sonay Shah-aal(Sonayshahhaal) who are closely related to the last two main families.Some of Pir families of Pail-Piran have moved to places like Karuli-Piran,Thoha Bahadur,Pir Khanwaal etc in Chakwal district.While Pirs of Bhera Sharif (district Sargodha) and Pir Da Khara(district Chakwal) are closely related to these families.

Historical Perspective of Pail-Piran

One of the grand grandsons of Hazrat Bahaud Din Zakariyya (Also known as Pir Bahawal Ul Haq) Multani,namely Pir Ali Qatal got setllled at a place Pail-Ghazi,which is now known after the name of that great saint(wali ullah) as Pail-Piran.

As was the case with most of the subcontinent then,the area was inhabited with non-muslims mainly Rajgans,who later embraced Islam at the hands of his son Pir Khawja Noori.Pir Ali Qatal according to some sources went back to Multan and is burried there.One of his sons Pir Mohammad Hussain got settled in Karuli -Piran district Chakwal.

Detailed account of the ancestory of Hazrat Bahaud Din Zakkariya can be found in books like “Anwar e Ghousia” written by one of Sahib E Sajjadah of DarGahe Baha ud Din Zakkariyya and also in Tazkara E Baha uddin Zakkariyya written by Maulna Noor Ahmad Afridi and published by Ulema Academy,Government of Punjab.
History of Hashmite Sadaat of Pail-Piran can be traced back to Habbari rule in Sindh(arrival of Habbarids in Sindh)-Habbari: the descendents of Habbar bin Asad
The Hashmite Saadat of Makkah,who ruled El Jabal inUmmaid(Ummayah) regime came to the subcontinent through El Khawarzum, and established 1st Muslim capital in the subcontinent-Mansoora (AD Mansura) near Shehzadkot Sindh.

They ruled El Khawarzum as Salaateen for many generations and then ruled from Mansoora again for geneartions. In 856 ADHabbarid rule in Sind founded by Arab Abbasid Governor Umar bin Abdul Aziz Habbar[856-886], a fifth descendant from Habbar bin Al Aswad, a Quraish from the family of Syedah Khadija (R A) -the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Umar Habbar and his father were born in Sind.(source:History of Muslim religion(http://www.rbcapricorn.com/umarkhan/Islam_)
Hazrat Baha Ud Din was born to Hazrat Shah Wajih Ud Din Mohammad Ghous and his spirtual leader was Hazrat Shahab Ud Din Soharwardi. He visted Baghdad and was given ‘Khilafat’ by Hazrat Shahbudin Soharwardi.He and his successors ruled Multan asWalees(Governors) for generations.Among his descendents were sons: Hazrat Sadarudin Arif Billah(grandfather of Pir Khawja Noori of Pail-Piran) and grandson Harat Shah Rukan E Alam.
Pir of Bhera Sharif and Pirs of Khara are descendents of yet another grandson of Hazrat Sadar Ud Din arif Billah.

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*A number of Arab tribes of Quraish, Kalb, Tameem, Saqeef, Harris, Ael-e-Utba, Aal-e-Jareema and Asad, and several prominent families of Yemen and Hejaz had settled in Sind. Masudi (915 A.D. – 302 A.H.) writes that he met many descendants of Hazrat Ali in Mansura who were in the line of Omar bin Ali and Mohammad Bin Ali(source:The people and the land of Sindh)

The Location

The village Pail-Piran is located off the Islamabad-Lahore Speed Way(Motor Way).From the Kalar Klahar– a scenic resort, interchange one o takes turn to Khushab- Sargodha road.

A 30- 45 minutes drive will take you to a the gate way of Soon Valley,as district Chakwal ends and the the District khushab starts.After crossing villages: Munnarah(Chakwal) and Padhrar(Khushab), and before you start climbing Katha Sagral(khushab) heights,on your left you will see a Mouselium(Mazar) of Hazrat Pir Khawja Noori on hilly terrain,and here you reach the villsage Pail-Piran.

The 2nd route is via Talagang(Chakwal).From Talagang as you proceed to Khushab-Sargodha you will come acroos Pail-Piran crossing,ahead of village Jabah, before you climb Katha Sagral heights.Pail-Piran is itself a sub valley and is part of the salt range tract.Its relatively cooler place and has a very scenic look.Before you enter the town ,a kilo meter before it is the family graveyard of Hashmite sadaats of Pail-Piran- Moqqam, in a compound wall setting,with Mazar of Pir Sahib Accha(Pir Haccha)

Silsala- E -Tarikat

Since the Piran E Pail are descendents of Hazrat Ba Ud din Zakkariyya- a disciple of Hazrat Shahab Ud Din Soharwardi,Baghdadi*, they follow Soharwardia,and fromFiqah school view point they are followers of Imam Abu Hanifah.

One of the able son of this family Late Pir Karam Shah El Azhari,of Bhera Sharif,had been instrumental in promoting the Hanafi Fiqah through his teachings and writings.He authored volumes of Tafseer E Quran(Zia ul Quran) and Seerah Paak (way of Prohhet Mohammad PBUH)-Zia Un Nabi.
*Sheikh Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Suhrawardi son of Abu Najib, was born in Suhraward and died in Baghdad.

Arrival and Rule (856-1026 CE) of Of Habbari Arab in Sindh

Arrival and Rule (856-1026 CE) of Habbari Arab in Sindh
Habbari dynasty ruled Sindh from 841 to 1024 C.E. Sindh was a province of Abbasid Caliphate. During the stuggle of dominance of Islamic world betwen Abassid and Fatimid Caliphate, Sindh became semi-independent under Arab ruler Aziz al-Habbari in 841 CE, though nominally remaining part of Abbasid Caliphate [1] [2] [3] The Hubbari ruled Sindh, Makran, Turan, Khuzdar and Multan from their capital city of Mansura. In 854 CE Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil appointed Aziz al-Habbari governor of Sindh. Aziz al-Habbari was followed by his son Umar al-Habbari I. His son Abdullah al-Habbari succeded him and his grandson,Umar al-Habbari II was ruling when famous Arab historian Al-Masudi visited Sindh. Habbari dynasty ruled Sindh until 1024 (Khafif al-Habbari, last ruler of the Habbari dynasty).

Habbarid Dynasty introduced Coins with Arabic Script

Habbarid Dynasty(Amirs of Sind)

Ruler:
Abd al Rahman
Reigned:
c.950 AD
Denomination(Coin):
AR Damma
Obverse:
Arabic script
Reverse:
Arabic script
Reference:
Album 1494
Weight:
0.8 gms
Diameter:
10.4 mm
Habbarid (Amirs of Sind)

The Habbarids ruled in Sind from the 9th century to the 11th. Sind is in the north-west of the Indian sub-continent and today is part of Pakistan. It represents the greatest extent of the initial Arab expansion into the Indian sub-continent.

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/historia/coins/j1/j315.htm
http://in.geocities.com/ancientcoinsofindia/Sind/9.JPG

Family Tree of Pir Walayat Shah(Dr.Wali Pir) of Pail-Piran

  • Pir Walayat Hussain Shah
  • Pir Fateh Shah
  • Pir Farman Shah( sub Family Farman Shahall gets its name after him)
  • Pir Laal Shah
  • Pir Hassan Shah
  • Pir Ghulam Shah
  • Pir Mehboob Shah
  • Pir Fateh Shah( Family Fateh Shahaal gets its name after him)
  • Pir Ibn Shah
  • Pir Khawja Noori
  • Pir Ali Qattal Shah
  • Sheikh Sadar Ud Din
  • Sheikh Mohammad Yousaf(Pir Rukkan Ud Din)
  • Sheikh Imad Ud Din Mohammad
  • Sheikh Ruklkan Ud Din Ismail Samar Qandi
  • Sheikh Sadar Ud Din Mohammad Haji
  • Sheikh Imad Ud Din Ismail Shaheed
  • Sheikh Ul Islam Sadar Ud Din Arif Billah
  • Sheikh Ul Islam Hazrat Ghous Baha Ud Din Zakkariyya(Pir Baha Wul Haq)Multani
  • Sheikh Wajih Ud Din Shah Mohammad Ghous
  • Sheikh Kamal Ud Din Aba Bakar
  • Sultan Sheikh Jalal Ud Din
  • Sheikh Ali Qazi
  • Sheikh—Ud Din Shaeed
  • Sultan Hussain-Sultan Matrif
  • Sultan Hazeema
  • Sultan Abd Allah
  • Sultan Hazim
  • Amir Taj Ud Din El Matrif
  • Abd Ur rahman
  • Hazrat HabbarHabbaira Tul Assadi-The Habbari (the Habbarid Dynasty) get their name after him
  • Hazrat Asad
  • Hazrat Hashim(Hashmite Dynasty gets their name after him).

His elder brother Pir Ghulam Haider Shah left three sons Pir Asghar Hussain Shah,Pir Tanvir Hussain Shah and Syed Munir Hussain Shah. While Pir Walayat Shah left four sons Syed Sajid Hussain Shah,Dr.Syed Wajid Pirzada,Syed Majid Hussain Shah and Syed Zahid Hussain Shah.Yet other sources claim that Hazrat Habbar was son of Aswad>Matlib>Asad>Abd Ul Azza>Qussay>Kallab(Qureish-the Qureshi dynasty get their name after him) and not of Asad Bin Hazrat Hashim.They maintain that hazrat Asadf bin Hashim had no son.This was incorrect as an arabic account in book “Ansab ul Arab” shows Hanain as son of Asad.

وفاطمة بنت أسد بن هاشم بن عبد مناف، وهي من المهاجرات المبايعات؛ أم جميع ولد أبي طالب: علي، وجعفر وعقيل، وأم هانيء، وطالب، بني أبي طالب، وابن أخيها عبد الله بن
حنين بن أسد بن هاشم، لا عقب له.

Pir sahib Acha(Pir Haccha)

Pir sahib Acha(Pir Haccha) was one of the reverened decendents of Pir Sahib Khawja Noori of Pail-Piran.He was Wali-E-Kamil and Sahib-E- Karamat. He is buried in Pail-Piran in the family graveyard of Pir family on the main Chakwal-Khushab Road.A water well known as ‘Pir Haccha daa Choha’ is located close to Pail-Piran near village Kutcher, and many visitors use the water of the well as cure for skin diseases

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